The world is facing complex and mounting environmental challenges. Increased fuel costs and increased market capacity in power generation markets is driving a transformation in power plant operations. Power plants are seeking ways to maximize revenue potential during peak conditions and minimize operational costs during off-peak conditions. Although proven natural gas reserves have increased globally by nearly 50% over the last 20 years, much of this growth has been focused in select regions and countries. In parallel to the discovery of new reserves is the increase in power demand across the globe. However, there are many regions of the globe in which power demand is not being matched by increased local supplies of natural gas, or in infrastructure required to supply natural gas to power generation assets. Given these drivers, there is growing global interest in LNG & alternate fuels. This phenomenon is driving a trend to explore the potential of using LNG fuels which can be easily transported across the globe as an alternative for power generation. In a carbon-constrained environment, the technology trend is for combustion systems capable of burning LNG fuel in combination with delivering the required operability. This paper will focus on developments in GE’s heavy duty gas turbines that enable operation on fuels with varying properties, providing fuel flexibility for sustainable power generation and better emissions compliance. GE’s turbine control system employs physics-based models of gas turbine operability boundaries (e.g., emissions, combustion dynamics, etc.), to continuously estimate current boundary levels and make adjustments as required.

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