Military aero engines employ afterburner system for increasing the reheat thrust required during combat and takeoff. During reheat the gas temperature in the afterburner is of the order of 2100K.The afterburner liner has to be cooled with the available bypass air to maintain metal temperature within allowable limits. The liner has cooling rings at the rear to cool the liner with tangential film cooling.
This paper discusses the methodology of afterburner liner metal temperature prediction and comparison with measured metal temperature during aero engine testing at reheat condition. All the modes of heat transfer are considered for thermal analysis, radiation due to higher level of gas temperature during reheat, conduction due to presence of low conductivity thermal barrier coating and convection due to higher gas velocities are considered.
At different steady state reheat conditions metal temperature are predicted and compared with measured data during aero engine testing. The predicted skin temperatures and measured temperatures are in good agreement. Empirical correlations are used for estimating the heat loads coming on the liner and adiabatic film temperature near screech holes and cooling rings. Metal temperature and thermal loads coming onto the liner are predicted with 1D code. The estimated thermal loads are applied on 3D FE model to obtain nodal temperature distribution. The thermal Analysis is carried using ANSYS software in which thermal barrier coating is also modeled.
The parameters like gas temperature, thermal barrier coating thickness, coating conductivity, and coolant mass flow distribution are considered for carrying out a sensitivity analysis of liner metal temperature.