This paper deals with the numerical investigations on the effect of trailing edge crenulation on the performance of a transonic axial compressor rotor. Crenulation is broadly considered as a series of small notches or slots at the edge of a thin object, like a plate. Incorporating such notches at the trailing edge of a compressor cascade has shown beneficial effect in terms of reduction in total pressure loss due to enhanced mixing in the wake region. These notches act as vortex generators to produce counter rotating vortices, which increase intermixing between the free stream flow and the low momentum wake fluid. Considering the positive effects of crenulation in a cascade, it was hypothesized that the same technique would work in a rotating compressor to enhance its performance and stall margin. However, the present CFD simulations on a transonic compressor rotor have given mixed results. Whereas the peak total pressure ratio in the presence of trailing edge crenulation reduced, the stall margin improved by 2.97% compared to the rotor with straight edge blades. The vortex generation at the crenulated trailing edge was not as strong as reported in case of linear compressor cascade, but it was able to influence the flow field in the rotor tip region so as to energize the low momentum end-wall flow in the aft part of the blade passage. This beneficial effect delayed flow separation and allowed the mass flow rate to be reduced to still lower levels resulting in improved stall margin. The reduction in pressure ratio with crenulation was surprising and might be due to increased mixing losses downstream of the blade.

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