The influence of a high mainstream turbulence was examined in an experimental study of film cooling on a simulated turbine blade leading edge. Detailed heat transfer coefficient and adiabatic effectiveness values were measured under conditions representative of actual environments in a gas turbine engine. The two parameters were also combined for a net heat flux reduction analysis. Turbulence levels of Tu = 17% were achieved by modifying a cross-jets turbulence generator with a large cylinder element. A quarter cylinder geometry was used to simulate the turbine blade leading edge. Two staggered rows of nine holes each were incorporated with a geometry consistent with current industry design practices. One row was positioned nominally on the stagnation line, x/d = 0, while the other was located 25° from the stagnation line. The holes were spaced at S/d = 7.64 with a shallow injection angle of 20° and oriented at 90° to the streamwise direction. Comparisons were made to previous studies of heat transfer rates and adiabatic effectiveness values under low turbulence (Tu < 0.5%) conditions. Adiabatic effectiveness was generally decreased by about 20% due to the high mainstream turbulence, although a much greater decrease occurred at the stagnation line at lower blowing rates. The relative increase in heat transfer coefficient due the coolant injection was found to be significantly smaller for the high mainstream turbulence case compared to the low mainstream turbulence case. This was particularly important when evaluating the overall performance of this film cooling hole configuration, since the much smaller relative increase in heat transfer coefficient resulted in good performance in terms of net heat flux reduction.

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