Combustion dynamics (or combustion oscillations) have emerged as a significant consideration in the development of low-emission gas turbines. To date, the effect of premix fuel nozzle geometry on combustion dynamics has not been well-documented. This paper presents experimental stability data from several different fuel nozzle geometries (i.e., changing the axial position of fuel injection in the premixer, and considering simultaneous injection from two axial positions). Tests are conducted in a can-style combustor designed specifically to study combustion dynamics. The operating pressure is fixed at 7.5 atmospheres and the inlet air temperature is fixed at 588K (600F). Tests are conducted with a nominal heat input of 1MWth (3MBTUH). Equivalence ratio and nozzle reference velocity are varied over the ranges typical of premix combustor design. The fuel is natural gas. Results show that observed dynamics can be understood from a time-lag model for oscillations, but the presence of multiple acoustic modes in this combustor makes it difficult to achieve stable combustion by simply re-locating the point of fuel injection. In contrast, reduced oscillating pressure amplitude was observed at most test conditions using simultaneous fuel injection from two axial positions.

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