The injection of steam into a gas turbine allows a reduction in nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions and an increase in power and efficiency. In this way, and due especially to their lower investment costs, massive steam injection cycles could represent an interesting concept for intermediate-load power plants.
When EDF and TURBOMECA jointly decided to carry out an experimental study of the consequences of steam injection into a gas turbine, two test phases were defined: firstly, a limited steam injection phase to assess the effect of steam on combustion, and secondly, a massive injection phase to assess the behavior and the performance capabilities of the machine. This second phase also aimed at identifying the critical points likely to appear when adapting a heavy-duty gas turbine to massive steam injection. This publication summarizes the main results of these two phases of tests.