The present study evaluates an innovative approach for enhancement of surface heat transfer in a channel using concavities, rather than protruding elements. Serving as a vortex generator, a concavity is expected to promote turbulent mixing in the flow bulk and enhance the heat transfer. Using a transient liquid crystal imaging system, local heat transfer distribution on the surface roughened by an staggered array based on two different shapes of concavities, i.e. hemispheric and tear-drop shaped, have been obtained, analyzed and compared. The results reveal that both concavity configurations induce a heat transfer enhancement similar to that of continuous rib turbulators, about 2.5 times their smooth counterparts 10,000 ≤ Re ≤ 50,000. In addition, both concavity arrays reveal remarkably low pressure losses that are nearly one-half the magnitudes incurred with protruding elements. In turbine cooling applications, the concavity approach is particularly attractive in reducing system weight and ease of manufacturing.

This content is only available via PDF.