Three-dimensional turbulent fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics are analyzed numerically for fluids flowing through a rotating periodical two-pass square channel. The two-pass channel is characterized by three parts: (1) a radial-inward straight channel, (2) 180-deg sharp turns, and (3) a radial-outward straight channel. The smooth walls of the two-pass channel are subject to a constant heat flux. A two-equation k-ε turbulence model with modified terms for Coriolis and rotational buoyancy is employed to resolve this elliptic problem. The effects of rotational buoyancy are examined and discussed. It is found that adjacent the 180-deg turn, the rotational buoyancy effect on the local heat transfer is nearly negligible due to the relatively strong entrance effect of 180-deg turns. Downstream the entrance length, the changes in local heat transfer due to the rotational buoyancy in the radially outward flow are more significant than those in the radially inward flow. However, the channel averaged heat transfer is affected slightly by the rotational buoyancy. Whenever the buoyancy effects are sufficiently strong, the flow reversal appears over the leading face of the radial outward flow channel. A comparison of the present numerical results with the available experimental data by taking buoyancy into consideration is also presented.

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