Presented is a study of the use of a set of I.D./O.D. bidirectional brush seals to reduce the leakage losses in a wave rotor. Relative to the baseline configuration, data indicate the use of brush seals enhanced wave rotor efficiency from 36 to 45 percent at low leakages (small rotor endwall gap spacings) and from 15 to 33 percent at high leakages (larger endwall gap spacings). These brush seals are capable of sealing positive or negative pressure drops with respect to the axial direction.
Surface tribology for these tests suggested little evidence of grooving although the bristles did wear-in and the rotor surface appeared polished.