Effect of bulk flow pulsations on film cooling from two rows of holes with inline and staggered arrangements is experimentally investigated. As a baseline study, a single row injection is also tested. Two-row injection is important because the phase lag between the two rows may cause changes in the film coolant coverage. Potential flow pulsations are generated by the rotating shutter mechanism attached downstream of the test section. Free-stream Strouhal number based on the boundary layer thickness is in the range of 0.033–0.33, and the amplitude of the phase-averaged freestream velocity due to static pressure variation about 10–20% Both the time-averaged and phase-averaged temperature distributions in the cross-sectional plane of the boundary layer are presented for four different pulsation frequencies of 0, 4, 20 and 40 Hz. Film cooling effectiveness is evaluated from the adiabatic wall temperature distributions, with time-averaged temperature measurements showing rapid diffusion of the injectant due to the free-stream pulsations. Effect of the phase lag between two rows is evidenced from the phase-averaged measurements, particularly in the case of staggered hole arrangement. All film cooling effectiveness distributions are reduced compared to no-pulsation case. Effect of pulsations appears dominantly in the case of the two-row staggered arrangement which shows more than 35% reduction in the film cooling effectiveness.

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