A numerical study of the flow and heat transfer in secondary flow elements of the entire inner portion of the turbine section of the Allison T-56/501D engine is presented. The flow simulation included the interstage cavities, rim seals and associated main path flows, while the energy equation also included the solid parts of the turbine disc, rotor supports, and stator supports. Solutions of the energy equations in these problems usually face the difficulty in specifications of wall thermal boundary conditions. By solving the entire turbine section this difficulty is thus removed, and realistic thermal conditions are realized on all internal walls. The simulation was performed using SCISEAL, an advanced 2D/3D CFD code for predictions of fluid flows and forces in turbomachinery seals and secondary flow elements. The mass flow rates and gas temperatures at various seal locations were compared with the design data from Allison. Computed gas flow rates and temperatures in the rim and labyrinth seal show a fair 10 good comparison with the design calculations. The conjugate heat transfer analysis indicates temperature gradients in the stationary intercavity walls, as well as the rotating turbine discs. The thermal strains in the stationary wall may lead to altered interstage labyrinth seal clearances and affect the disc cavity flows. The temperature, fields in the turbine discs also may lead to distortions that can alter the rim seal clearances. Such details of the flow and temperature fields are important in designs of the turbine sections to account for possible thermal distortions and their effects on the performance. The simulation shows that the present day CFD codes can provide the means to understand the complex flow field and thereby aid the design process.
Numerical Simulation of Secondary Flow in Gas Turbine Disc Cavities, Including Conjugate Heat Transfer
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Ho, Y, Athavale, MM, Forry, JM, Hendricks, RC, & Steinetz, BM. "Numerical Simulation of Secondary Flow in Gas Turbine Disc Cavities, Including Conjugate Heat Transfer." Proceedings of the ASME 1996 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition. Volume 1: Turbomachinery. Birmingham, UK. June 10–13, 1996. V001T01A023. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/96-GT-067
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