An experimental and numerical investigation was conducted to study the turbulent velocities and stresses behind a 2-D bluff body. Simultaneous three-component laser Doppler velocimeter (LDV) measurements were made in the isothermal incompressible turbulent flowfield downstream of a bluff body placed at midstream in a rectangular test section. Mean velocities and Reynolds stresses were measured at various axial positions. Spanwise velocity measurements indicated that the flow is three dimensional in the recirculation zone of the bluff body. Confidence in the accuracy of the data was gained by calculating the mass fluxes at each axial station. These were found to agree with each other to within ±3%. A parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) study was initiated to gauge the predictive accuracy of currently available CFD techniques. Three solutions were computed: a 2-D steady-state solution using the standard k-ε model, a 2-D time-accurate solution using the standard k-ε model, and a 2-D time-accurate solution using a Renormalized-Group (RNG) k-ε turbulence model. The steady-state solution matched poorly with the data, severely underpredicting the Reynolds stresses in the recirculation zone. The time-accurate solutions captured the unsteady vortex shedding from the base of the bluff body, providing a source for the higher Reynolds stresses. The RNG k-ε solution provided the best match to the data.

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