The influence of the turbulence modelling on viscous flow field calculation results has often been discussed in the past. For a meaningful comparison of different turbulence models the access to reliable measurement data is necessary. The plane VKI–1 turbine profile has been investigated experimentally in many publications. Therefore this turbine profile is chosen for transonic 2D flow field calculations using three different turbulence models. The algebraic model of Baldwin and Lomax, the Standard k–ϵ model with wall functions and a low–Reynolds number model are considered in this investigation.
The main differences between the models become apparent in the trailing edge region. The turbulence modelling influences the boundary layer thickness and the shape of the shear layers and the separation region in the wake flow. For the high Mach numbers appearing in this region, a strong influence on the flow field due to small shear layer changes has been found.