A project team consisting of Foster Wheeler Development Corporation, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Gilbert/Commonwealth and the Institute of Gas Technology, are developing a Second Generation Pressurized Fluidized Bed System. Foster Wheeler is developing a carbonizer (a partial gasifier) and a pressurized fluidized bed combustor. Both these units operate a nominal 1600°F (870°C) for optimal sulfur capture. Since this temperature is well below the current combustion turbine combustor outlet operating temperature of 2350°F (1290°C) to reach commercialization, a topping combustor and hot gas cleanup (HGCU) equipment must be developed.
Westinghouse is participating in the development of the high temperature gas cleanup equipment and the topping combustor. This paper concentrates on the design and test of the topping combustor. The topping combustor in this cycle must utilize a low heating value syngas from the carbonizer at approximately 1600°F (870°C) and 150 to 210 psi (1.0 to 1.4 MPa). The syngas entering the topping combustor has been previously cleaned of particulates and alkali by the hot gas cleanup (HGCU) system. It also contains significant fuel bound nitrogen present as ammonia and other compounds. The fuel-bound nitrogen is significant because it will selectively convert to NOx if the fuel is burned under the highly oxidizing conditions of standard combustion turbine combustors.
The fuel must be burned with the vitiated air from the pressurized fluidized bed combustor (PFBC). Oxidizer has been cleaned of particulates and alkali by HGCU system, and has also been partially depleted in oxygen. The 1600°F (870°C) oxidizer must also be utilized to cool the combustor as much as possible, though a small amount of compressor discharge air at a lower temperature 700°F (about 370°C) may be used.
The application requirements indicate that a rich-quench-lean (RQL) combustor is necessary and the multi-annular swirl burner (MASB) was selected for further development. This paper provides an update on the development and testing of this MASB combustor. Additionally, Westinghouse has been conducting computational fluid dynamic (CFD) and chemical kinetic studies to assist in the design of the combustor and to help optimize the operation of the combustor. Results of these models are presented and compared to the test results.