Modern turbine cascades are usually being optimized for minimum total pressure losses. Gas turbines, however, operating in dirty environments or using coal–derived fuels need cascades that minimize the deposition, erosion and corrosion (DEC) implications of the particle–laden gas. This can be achieved by altering certain geometrical key–parameters of cascades and blades which influence the particle deposition rate, while keeping the inlet and outlet velocities and angles fixed. Since reference cascades have already been optimized for minimum aerodynamic losses, the associated loss increase penalty is accounted for.

Two stator and two rotor cascades were optimized by a penalty function method. The results suggest that solid particle deposition rates can be minimized by as much as 40 per cent while keeping profile losses to acceptable limits in both stator and rotor cascades for the particle size range 0.1 to 1 μm.

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