An efficient optimal design algorithm is developed to individually or simultaneously minimize the total weight of shaft and the transsmitted forces at the bearings which play very important roles in designing a rotor-bearing system under the constraints of critical speeds. The cross sectional area of shaft, the bearing stiffness, and the positions of bearings and disks are chosen as the design variables. The dynamic characteristics are determined by applying the generalized polynomial expansion method and the sensitivity analysis is also investigated. For multiobjective optimization, the weighting method (WM), the goal programming method (GPM), and the fuzzy method (FM) are applied. The results show that the present multiobjective optimization algorithm can greatly reduce both the weight of shaft and the forces at the bearings with critical speeds constraints.

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