The paper presents further results from a continuing study on tip leakage in axial turbines. Rotation has been simulated in a linear cascade test section by using a moving-belt tip wall. Measurements were made inside the tip gap with a three-hole pressure probe for a clearance size of 3.8 percent of the blade chord. Two wall speeds are considered and the results are compared with the case of no rotation. As in other experiments, significant reduction in the gap mass flow rate is observed due to the relative motion. The detailed nature of the measurements allows the dominant physical mechanism by which wall motion affects the tip gap flow to be identified. Based on the experimental observations, an earlier model for predicting the tip gap flow field is extended to the case of relative wall motion. Part II of the paper examines the effect of the relative motion on the downstream flow field and the blade loading.

This content is only available via PDF.