Detailed measurements have been performed in a subsonic, axial-flow turbine stage to investigate the structure of the secondary flow field and the loss generation. The data includes the static pressure distribution on the rotor blade passage surfaces and radial-circumferential measurements of the rotor exit flow field using three-dimensional hot-wire and pneumatic probes. The flow field at the rotor outlet is derived from unsteady hot-wire measurements with high temporal and spatial resolution.
The formation of the tip clearance vortex and the passage vortices is presented, which are strongly influenced by the spanwise nonuniform stator outlet flow. Taking the experimental values for the unsteady flow velocities and turbulence properties, the effect of the periodic stator wakes on the rotor flow is discussed.