Experiments have been performed in a Supersonic cascade facility to elucidate the fluid dynamic phenomena and loss mechanism of a strong shock-wave turbulent boundary layer interaction in a compressor cascade. The cascade geometry is typical for a transonic fan tip section that operates with a relative inlet Mach number of 1.5, a flow turning of about 3 degrees, and a static pressure ratio of 2.15. The strong oblique and partly normal blade passage shock-wave with a pre-shock Mach number level of 1.42 to 1.52 induces a turbulent boundary layer separation on the blade suction surface. Freestream Reynolds number based on chord length was about 2.7×106. Cascade overall performance, blade surface pressure distributions, Schlieren photographs, and surface visualisations are presented. Detailed Mach number and flow direction profiles of the interaction region (lambda shock) and the corresponding boundary layer have been determined using a Laser-2-Focus anemometer. The obtained results indicated that the axial blade passage stream sheet contraction (axial velocity density ratio) has a significant influence on the mechanism of strong interaction and the resulting total pressure losses.

This content is only available via PDF.