Three-dimensional solutions of the ensemble-averaged Navier-Stokes equations have been computed for a high-turning turbine rotor passage, both with and without tip clearance effects. The geometry is Pratt & Whitney’s preliminary design for the Generic Gas Generator Turbine (GGGT), having an axial chord of 0.5 inch and turning angle of about 160 degrees. The solutions match the design Reynolds number of 3x 106/inch and design inflow/outflow distributions of flow quantities. The grid contains 627,000 points, including 20 radial points in the clearance gap of 0.015 inch, and has a minimum spacing of 10−4 inch adjacent to all surfaces. The solutions account for relative motion of the blade and shroud surfaces and include a backstep on the shroud. Computed results are presented which show the general flow behavior, especially near the tip clearance and backstep regions. The results are generally consistent with experimental observations for other geometries having thinner blades and smaller turning angles. The leakage flow includes some fluid originally in the freestream at 91 percent span. Downstream, the leakage flow behaves as a wall jet directed at 100 degrees to the main stream, with total pressure and temperature higher than the freestream. Radial distributions of circumferentially-averaged flow quantities are compared for solutions with and without tip leakage flow. Two-dimensional solutions are also presented for the mid-span blade geometry for design and off-design inflow angles.
Computation of Flow Past a Turbine Blade With and Without Tip Clearance
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Briley, WR, Roscoe, DV, Gibeling, HJ, Buggeln, RC, Sabnis, JS, Johnson, PD, & Huber, FW. "Computation of Flow Past a Turbine Blade With and Without Tip Clearance." Proceedings of the ASME 1991 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition. Volume 1: Turbomachinery. Orlando, Florida, USA. June 3–6, 1991. V001T01A017. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/91-GT-056
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