Trailing edge loss is one of the main sources of loss for transonic turbine blades, contributing typically 1/3 of their total loss. Transonic trailing edge flow is extremely complex, the basic flow pattern is understood but methods of predicting the loss are currently based on empirical correlations for the base pressure. These correlations are of limited accuracy. Recent findings that the base pressure and loss can be reasonably well predicted by inviscid Euler calculations are justified and explained in this paper. For unstaggered choked blading it is shown that there is is a unique relationship between the back pressure and the base pressure and any calculation that conserves mass, energy and momentum should predict this relationship and the associated loss exactly. For realistic staggered blading which operates choked but with subsonic axial velocity there is also a unique relationship between the back pressure and the base pressure (and hence loss) but the relationship cannot be quantified without knowing a further relationship between the base pressure and the average suction surface pressure downstream of the throat. Any calculation that conserves mass, energy and momentum and also predicts this average suction surface pressure correctly will again predict the base pressure and loss. Two dimensional Euler solutions do not predict the suction surface pressure exactly because of shock smearing but nevertheless seem to give reasonably accurate results.
The Trailing Edge Loss of Transonic Turbine Blades
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Denton, JD, & Xu, L. "The Trailing Edge Loss of Transonic Turbine Blades." Proceedings of the ASME 1989 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition. Volume 1: Turbomachinery. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. June 4–8, 1989. V001T01A097. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/89-GT-278
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