Operating tests on a Lysholm helical expander have been done to develop a data base for comparing the performance of helical expanders with turbine expanders by using simple scaling arguments. The eventual goal of such work would be to develop a rugged and reliable ceramic helical expander for operating at temperatures up to 1300°C (2400°F). We used a 127.5 mm (5.020 in.) metal expander on which we measured seven performance variables against applied pressure ratio at six shaft speeds and an inlet gas temperature of 100°C (212°F).
Our data system included: a torque and angular-speed cell to measure power; flow, pressure, and temperature instrumentation; and a data reduction program. Test results are presented in seven data plots; equations for computing the performance variables are tabulated.
Adiabatic efficiency was found to be at least 85% in the pressure ratio range of 2.75 to 5.00. Performance is strongly influenced by gas leakage. Large machines with clearance ratios the same as smaller machines would benefit by size scaling effects. We expect that ceramic helical expanders for 1300°C service would be able to operate at adiabatic efficiencies higher than 85%.