The advent of large scale integration techniques into electronics has had a dramatic effect on the technology of engine control systems and accompanying this change has been the wider use of digital computational techniques to replace functions previously performed in analogue electronic technology and even by mechanical means. The industry has thereby benefited by smaller and more powerful electronic control systems but at the same time had to deal with costly and potentially difficult to manage technologies associated with the generation of software appropriate for these controllers.

This content is only available via PDF.