A general analysis is proposed for studying the fluid-mechanical behavior of blade wakes from an annular blade-row in highly swirling flow. The coupling between the centrifugal force and the vorticity, which is inherent to highly swirling flows, can significantly modify the wake behavior from that in a two-dimensional situation. In steady flow, theoretical considerations show that a blade wake consists primarily of two distinct types of vorticity: a) trailing vorticity shed from the blade due to a span wise variation in blade circulation, and b) vorticity associated with defects in stagnation pressure (or rotary stagnation in relative coordinate system). Three types of disturbances can be identified in the resulting three-dimensional disturbance field: a) the exponentially decaying type (potential, irrotational), b) the purely convected type (rotational), and c) the non-convected type (both rotational and irrotational parts).

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