The feasibility of an isolated reverse turbine concept for marine propulsion was examined with emphasis on (1) the reverse turbine size needed to meet the stopping distance requirement of a particular ship during a crashback maneuver, and (2) the ahead turbine performance penalty due to reverse turbine windage losses. This particular reverse turbine system was made adaptable to the exhaust elbow and output shaft of an existing free-power-turbine gas turbine. The analysis was based on the application of this reverse turbine concept to a notational single-shaft frigate. The study-ship’s propulsion system includes two General Electric LM2500 gas turbines with reversing capability, a reduction gear, and a fixed-pitch propeller. A ship propulsion simulation was developed for the purpose of calculating steady-state ahead and backing performance data, as well as transient behavior of the ship during crashback maneuvers. The reverse turbine’s speed and torque required to stop the ship in five ship-lengths and 3.5 ship-lengths were determined from these calculations. Four reverse turbine designs were generated using a computer program for preliminary design of axial-flow turbines. The designs included a single-stage and a two-stage impulse turbine for both stopping distances. The penalty on ahead performance due to reverse turbine windage was estimated for each design, using existing experimental data found in the literature. The results obtained thus far tend to support the feasibility of this reverse turbine concept.

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