Recent investigations have indicated that aircraft engine exhaust emissions are sensitive to ambient conditions. This paper reports on combustor rig testing intended to evaluate variations due to ambient temperature and pressure with special emphasis on idle engine operating conditions. Empirically determined CO, CxHy, and NOx correction factors — the ratio of the pollutant emission index value obtained during standard day operation to that resulting during actual ambient conditions — are presented. The effects of engine idle cycle pressure ratio, primary zone fuel-air ratio, and fuel type were investigated. Ambient temperature variations were seen to cause substantial emission changes; correction factors in excess of 2.0 were determined in some cases. Ambient pressure variations were found to be less substantial. A previously published NOx emission model and a simplified hydrocarbon combustion analysis are shown to be in general agreement with the empirical results.

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