Abstract

Recent evidence suggests that film cooling flows with engine realistic mainstream Mach number have declined performance in comparison to those with conventional low-speed laboratory conditions. Consideration and understanding of these effects are fundamental to improving film cooling research. The proposed computational study investigates the film cooling performance of a 7-7-7 shaped film cooling hole with respect to varying mainstream Mach number, with constant Reynolds number. The cases studied include mainstream Mach numbers from 0.15–0.75, with a fixed, engine realistic, hole Reynolds number of Red = 10, 100. Significant results are then evaluated against varying stagnation temperature ratio and blowing ratio. The results showed that at a blowing ratio of 1.75, the adiabatic effectiveness declines significantly with high mainstream Mach number. The decreased performance is due to supersonic flows and shocks in the film cooling hole that disrupt flow in the diffuser section of the hole. These characteristics are observed across all stagnation temperature ratios considered. In addition to these insights, the study discusses the importance of proper thermal scaling and definition of adiabatic effectiveness when operating at high mainstream Mach number. It is demonstrated that the effects of high-speed flow challenge the efficacy of the conventional parameters used to characterize film cooling performance.

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