Abstract

Grid plate flame stabilizers for low NOx emissions have renewed interest in recent years due to their use in low NOx hydrogen gas turbine combustors. For non-premixed grid plate combustion, the difference in flame stabilizer design is in how the grid plate air flow is fueled. In the present work a simple four hole grid plate is investigated using CFD with three methods of fueling the air holes: radially inward fuel injection using 8 fuel nozzles per air hole (Grid Mix, GM 1 and Micromix); central fuel injection (FLOX method); and through a fuel annulus around each air hole (GM2). ANSYS FLUENT CFD predictions for GM2 are compared with axial gas composition traverses inside the combustor and with the mean combustor exit plane emissions. The three methods of fuel injection are also compared using isothermal CFD to determine which of the three methods offer the best mixing quality, which controls the relative NOx emissions. The predictions were for an equivalence ratio of 0.624 for the combustion stage and 0.5 for the isothermal study, using industrial propane. CFD modelling used RANS simulation with Realizable k-epsilon turbulence model, non-premixed combustion with the Steady Laminar Flamelet model. The temperature and mixing profiles obtained for GM2 were in reasonable agreement with the experiments and the other two fuel injection methods were then compared with GM2.

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