Abstract

The hydrogen addition is a potential way to reduce the soot emission of aviation kerosene. The current study analyzed the effect of hydrogen addition on aviation kerosene (Jet A1) soot formation in a laminar flame at elevated pressure to obtain a fundamental understanding of the reduced soot formation by hydrogen addition. The soot formation of flame was simulated by CoFlame code. The soot formation of kerosene-nitrogen-air, (kerosene + replaced hydrogen addition)-nitrogen-air, (kerosene + direct hydrogen addition)-nitrogen-air and (kerosene + direct nitrogen addition)-nitrogen-air laminar flames were simulated. The calculated pressure includes 1, 2 and 5 atm. The hydrogen addition increases the peak temperature of Jet A1 flame and extends the height of flame. The hydrogen addition suppresses the soot precursor formation of Jet A1 by physical dilution effect and chemical inhibition effect, which weaken the poly-aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) condensation process and reduce the soot formation. The elevated pressure significantly accelerates the soot precursor formation and increases the soot formation in flame. Meanwhile, the ratio of reduced soot volume fraction to base soot volume fraction by hydrogen addition decreases with the increase of pressure, indicating that the elevated pressure weakens the suppression effect of hydrogen addition on soot formation in Jet A1 flame.

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