Abstract

The sub-atmospheric ignition performance of an SPP (Stratified Partially Premixed) injector and combustor is investigated experimentally on the high-altitude test facility. In order to explore the influence of sub-atmospheric pressure on reignition performance and flame propagation mode, experiments are conducted under different pressures ranging from 19 kPa to 101 kPa. The inlet temperature and pressure drop of the injector (ΔPsw/P3t) are kept constant at 303 K and 3% respectively. The transparent quartz window mounted on the sidewall of the model combustor provides optical access of flame signals. Ignition fuel-air ratio (FAR) under different inlet pressures are experimentally acquired. The spark ignition processes, including the formation of flame kernel, the flame development and stabilization are recorded by a high-speed camera at a rate of 5kHz. Experimental results indicate that the minimum ignition FAR grows rapidly as the inlet air pressure decreases. An algorithm is developed to track the trajectory of flame kernels within 25ms following the spark during its breakup and motion processes. Results show that the calculated trajectory provides a clear description of the flame evolution process. Under different inlet air pressures, the propagation trajectories of flame kernels share similarities in initial phase. It is pivotal for a successful ignition that the initial flame kernel keeps enough intensity and moves into CTRZ (Center-Toroidal Recirculation Zone) along radial direction. Finally, the time-averaged non-reacting flow field under inlet pressure of 54kPa and fuel mass flow of 8kg/h is simulated. The effects of flow structure and fuel spatial distribution on kernel propagation and flame evolution are analyzed.

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