The tubed vortex reducer is a new structure of aero-engine, which is widely used in advanced large bypass ratio high performance turbofan engines. It is usually installed between the rear two-stage discs of the high-pressure compressor, and reduces the generation of free vortex by restricting the flow path of the cooling airflow, thereby reducing the pressure loss of the cooling airflow and improving the engine efficiency. In this paper, vibration analysis of tubed vortex reducer is carried out by experiments and numerical simulations. Using the finite element method, the natural vibration characteristics of the vortex reducer are calculated with ANSYS. The sensitivity analysis of the impact of design parameters on the vibration characteristics is carried out. In addition, the vibration test bench of the vortex reducer is set up, and the vibration test of the vortex reducer is conducted by means of frequency sweeping and hammer hitting respectively. The experimental results satisfactorily reproduce the simulation results. Then the theoretical model of dry friction damping of vortex reducer is established. Based on the dynamic model of the complex contact system composed of vortex reducer and damping sleeve, the relationship between energy dissipation in different directions is derived. And a method evaluating the performance of vibration reduction is presented for calculating its equivalent damping ratio. Finally, the influence of the key design parameters and different installation methods on the damping ratio is analyzed. Overall, this work can provide reference for vibration reduction design and optimization of vortex reducer.