Abstract

This study presents an experimental evaluation of the dynamic characteristics of the circular arc spring damper (CASD), which attenuates the vibration of rotating machinery. The CASD is a novel type of fluid film damper that has two or more arc-shaped beams and dual slits (radial clearances) formed by wire electric discharge machining (WEDM). A major advantage of CASDs over conventional Squeeze Film Dampers (SFDs) with squirrel-cage springs is their compactness and low weight. The concept of CASDs was originally proposed by Kanki et al. in 2005. However, the basic characteristics of this type of damper, including the influence of the geometries, added mass coefficients, and cross-coupled terms of dynamic coefficients have not been investigated. To clarify these characteristics, a series of excitation tests was conducted on three types of CASDs to identify their dynamic coefficients. The features of the newly developed test rig and experimental results are presented in this study. Tested dampers have the same outer diameter (160 [mm]) and damper width (44 [mm]) but different arc patterns (2-arc or 4-arc) and radial clearances (about 0.3 or 1.2 [mm]). All dampers were tested in both open-end and end-sealed configuration. The influence of the end-seal clearances (about 0.1 to 0.4 [mm]) was also examined. The following results were obtained: (1) 4-arc type CASDs have greater damping than that of 2-arc types; (2) CASDs have a considerable amount of added mass coefficients, especially in the end-sealed condition; (3) Smaller end-seal clearances make the damping and added-mass coefficients significantly larger; (4) A large level of damping can be produced with dashpot configuration (large radial clearances and small end-seal clearances), though the added-mass effect becomes more prominent; (5) Cross-coupled terms are very small in centered / small amplitude motion. These new findings can be utilized for the design and application of CASDs to real rotating machineries.

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