The high-pressure turbine blades of most modern gas turbine engines are made of single-crystal alloys. Single-crystal materials have significant anisotropy characteristics; therefore, the orientation of the axes of the single crystal relative to the geometrical axes of the blade has a great effect on the stress-strain state, static strength, and dynamic characteristics of the blade.
Here, the necessary optimization of both the axial orientation (the optimal value of which may differ from <001>) and the azimuthal orientation is confirmed. The problem was solved by considering the anisotropic temperature–orientation characteristics of the alloy and the uneven temperature field of the blade. The values of the optimal crystallographic orientations were determined.
Notably, casting tolerances for the deviation of the crystallographic axes must be considered when searching for the optimal position of the axes of the single crystal.