Abstract

Damage in gas turbine engines can accumulate from multiple damage mechanisms including creep, fatigue, and oxidation. Each damage mechanism is influenced by various parameters which typically occur during different portions of engine operation. For instance, fatigue is influenced by large stress/strain ranges that occur during startup and shutdown transient conditions while creep is affected by sustained stress and temperature at dwell conditions. In some cases, the maximum damage location for one mechanism could experience negligible contribution in damage from any other mechanism, but in most cases, there is some degree of influence from two or three mechanisms. In those instances, damage will accumulate at various rates during separate portions of operation under different damage mechanisms. Since some applications require engines to dwell for long periods of time while other applications favor more frequent cycling, every engine will accumulate damage differently at each location. Therefore, it is difficult to estimate which location is critical to durability, rendering it necessary to capture all possible critical locations so that damage can be estimated for each application.

This paper suggests a method by which to visualize and select critical locations based on all possible customer use scenarios. Once critical locations are identified, a Reduced Order Model (ROM) can be generated for each point of interest and damage can be estimated and monitored using data collection. Damage mechanisms can be combined if micromechanistic affects are additive, the material response compounds, or the material properties evolve with time. Examples of each case are demonstrated. In addition, the visual representation of damage interaction allows for uncertainty to be visualized and implemented to rank location criticality.

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