Few published studies incorporating shaped hole designs in the leading-edge region, or showerhead, of turbine airfoils have been performed; but among them is the indication that shaped holes may offer an improvement in coolant performance compared to cylindrical holes. A shaped hole was designed with the goal of high performance in the showerhead. The performance and physical behavior of this shaped hole design was studied in comparison to a traditional cylindrical hole design in a series of experiments. The geometries were built into the leading edge of a scaled-up turbine blade model for testing in a low-speed simulated linear cascade. To accomplish an engine-representative test environment, a nominally 5% approach turbulence level was used for this study. Adiabatic effectiveness as a function of coolant injection rate was measured for the two designs using infrared thermography. In addition, off-the-wall thermal field measurements were performed for each hole geometry in the leading-edge region. It was found that the shaped hole offered ∼20–100% higher performance in terms of adiabatic effectiveness depending on the coolant injection rate. The thermal field measurements suggested that this was due to the better attachment of the jets exiting the shaped holes, the momenta of which were effectively reduced by the diffusers.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.