Abstract

Numerical simulations were carried out to study the film cooling effectiveness distributions of different hole arrangements on the suction side of a high pressure turbine blade under rotating condition. The chord length and the height of the blade are 60mm and 80mm, respectively. Totally 12 models with different hole arrangements and different injection angles were studied. Each blade model has three rows of round holes with diameter of 0.9mm on the suction surface. The first row and the third row are fixed at streamwise location of 12.4% and 34% respectively. Three injection angles, 30°, 45°, and 60°, were investigated. Simulations were conducted under three rotational speeds, 600rpm, 800rpm, 1000rpm, with blowing ratio varying from 0.5 to 2.0. The Mainstream Reynolds numbers corresponding to the rotational speeds are 40560, 54080, and 67600 respectively. The temperature of the mainstream and the coolant is set at 463K and 303K so as to control the density ratio at 1.47. Simulations were performed by using SST turbulence model and were solved by using the three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations. Results showed that on the rotating turbine blade suction surface, film trajectories are drawn toward the midspan. The film trajectory arrangement may be different from the hole arrangement. Inline film trajectory arrangement can achieve higher film cooling effectiveness with slightly larger injection angle. Staggered film trajectory arrangement is better for uniform film cooling effectiveness distribution in spanwise and can achieve higher film cooling effectiveness with smaller injection angle. A smaller distance between the first row and the second row can achieve better film cooling performance at the downstream. With the increase of rotational speed, the mainstream Reynolds number increases, which improves the film cooling performance with smaller blowing ratio.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.