Stator and rotor blades in intermediate-pressure steam turbines gradually deteriorate during operation because of solid particle erosion. In addition to that, turbine blades unexpectedly crack because of metal fatigue or thermal stress deformation. As eroded blades increase the aerodynamic losses and cracked blades may induce rupture of the blade, the periodic maintenance, repair, and overhaul of steam turbines is essential. Eroded or cracked blades should be replaced with new ones or repaired for further use. Cutback treatment is one of the repair methods wherein the deteriorated trailing edge on a turbine blade is removed to avoid further cracking and blade fracturing. The use of cutback blades can reduce the replacement cost; however, that may affect the steam flow and the turbine’s performance. In this study, we numerically investigated the effect of the blade deterioration on the performance of a three-stage intermediate-pressure steam turbine using a numerical method that was developed at Tohoku University. Further various cutback lengths were considered for the deteriorated first-stage stator-blade trailing edge. The obtained numerical results indicate that the cutback first-stage stator blades certainly affected the steam flow in the turbine, resulting in a negative influence on the torque obtained from the adjacent rotor blades, which depends on the cutback length. However, the torque decrement can be mitigated by arranging the cutback and non-cutback stator blades alternately in a row.

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