The wear and damage of High-Pressure Compressor (HPC) blades due to erosion or Foreign Object Damage (FOD) have a significant influence on HPC aerodynamic performance, vibration resistance against High-Cycle Fatigue (HCF) and thus component lifetime. The changes in airfoil geometry reduce the overall engine efficiency. Furthermore extended off-wing engine maintenances due to blade failures are increasing the cost of ownership. The safe operation of every engine within a reduced number of shop visits requires a reliable prediction of future deterioration. This enables the optimization of services and off-wing time. One contribution to this is a better understanding of the component’s dynamics and based on this providing an improved wear modeling to reliably predict the remaining lifetime and the decreased efficiency.
This contribution determines the material removal of HPC blades due to sand erosion. Originally, this stage was built as a blisk (Blade Integrated Disk). After sand erosion test completion, the blisk was cut into segments containing one airfoil only. First, the material removal is determined for ten blades of one exemplary rotor. A blue light fringe projector is employed to identify the geometrical differences between the eroded blades and the nominal design. Second, realistic finite element models are generated to enable comparable modal analyses of eroded blades. This procedure suffers from unavoidable and mostly random imperfections due to the manufacturing process, which significantly affects the blade surface before the erosion test can be conducted. Therefore, an already published approach is implemented in the third step to predict the blade surface after erosion based on nominal blade design. The investigation is completed by comparing measured and predicted surfaces. Finally, the aforementioned tool is employed to predict the locations and intensities of the material losses and the accompanying change in modal properties of this compressor blade concerning operational time.