Wind industry needs high quality airfoil data for a range of the angle of attack (AoA) much wider than that often provided by the technical literature, which often lacks data i.e. in deep- and post-stall region. Especially in case of vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs), the blades operate at very large AoAs, which exceed the range of typical aviation application. In a previous study, some of the authors analyzed the trend of the lift coefficient of a NACA 0021 airfoil, using the suggestions provided by detailed CFD analyses to correct experimental data at low Reynolds numbers collected in an open-jet tunnel. In the present study, the correction method is extended in order to analyze even the drag and moment coefficients over a wide range of AoAs for two different Reynolds numbers (Re = 140k and Re = 180k) of particular interest for small wind turbines. The utility of these data is again specifically high in case of VAWTs, in which both the drag and the moment coefficient largely contribute to the torque. The investigation involves tunnel data regarding both static polars and dynamic sinusoidal pitching movements at multiple reduced frequencies. Concerning the numerical simulations, two different computational domains were considered, i.e. the full wind tunnel and the open field. Once experimental data have been purged by the influence of the wind tunnel by means of the proposed correction method, they were compared to existing data for similar Reynolds both for the NACA0021 and for similar airfoils. By doing so, some differences in the static stall angle and the extent of the hysteresis cycle are discussed. Overall, the present paper provides the scientific community with detailed analysis of low-Reynolds NACA 0021 data in multiple variations, which may enable, inter alia, a more effective VAWT design in the near future.

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