A new double-wall cooling configuration combined with the vortex cooling is established to study the cooling behavior for the gas turbine blade leading edge. This configuration consists of multiple nozzles, a curved inner cooling passage, a row of bridge holes and a curved outer cooling passage with 4 kinds of disturbing objects (namely smooth wall, pin-fins, dimples and protrusions). Numerical simulations are performed based on the 3D viscous steady Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations and the k-ω turbulence model. The cooling behavior of the Double-wall/vortex cooling configuration is compared with the Double-wall/impingement cooling configuration at the same conditions. Generally, the Double-wall/vortex cooling configuration has a better cooling performance. It is found the Nusselt number of the inner surface for the Double-wall/vortex cooling configuration is 46.7% higher. However, the Double-wall/impingement cooling configuration has a smaller friction coefficient and a total pressure loss. Different disturbing objects have significant influences on the heat transfer performance of the outer surface. The Nusselt number of disturbing objects (pin-fins, dimples and protrusions) is much higher than the smooth wall, and the value is 1.27–2.22 times larger. Configuration with protrusions has the highest globally-averaged Nusselt number. For the heat transfer performance of the inner surface and the total pressure loss coefficient, disturbing objects have no obvious influence. As bridge holes row increases, the overall cooling performance is improved. The globally-averaged Nusselt number of the outer target is enhanced while the total pressure loss is reduced.