This paper examines and compares commonly used Machine Learning algorithms in their performance in interpolation and extrapolation of FDFs, based on experimental and simulation data. Algorithm performance is evaluated by interpolating and extrapolating FDFs and then the impact of errors on the limit cycle amplitudes are evaluated using the xFDF framework. The best algorithms in interpolation and extrapolation were found to be the widely used cubic spline interpolation, as well as the Gaussian Processes regressor. The data itself was found to be an important factor in defining the predictive performance of a model, therefore a method of optimally selecting data points at test time using Gaussian Processes was demonstrated. The aim of this is to allow a minimal amount of data points to be collected while still providing enough information to model the FDF accurately. The extrapolation performance was shown to decay very quickly with distance from the domain and so emphasis should be put on selecting measurement points in order to expand the covered domain. Gaussian Processes also give an indication of confidence on its predictions and is used to carry out uncertainty quantification, in order to understand model sensitivities. This was demonstrated through application to the xFDF framework.

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