Abstract

A promising alternative to modern swirl combustors for gas turbines are high momentum jet stabilized combustors. This gas turbine burner concept consists of circular arranged jet nozzles through which partially premixed high momentum jets enter the combustion chamber in axial direction. Furthermore, it features fuel flexibility, load flexibility and low pollutant emissions. The investigated generic combustor consists of an eccentric single nozzle in a square chamber. This nozzle represents a full-scale segment of a concentrically arranged multi-nozzle configuration. All measurements were carried out at the high pressure combustion test rig (HBK-S) at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Stuttgart.

The generic single nozzle model combustor has been operated in a high-pressure test rig with large optical access in order to gain a detailed understanding of fuel distribution, droplet distribution, fuel air mixing and high temperature regions through various sections of the combustion chamber. For this purpose, different laser based measurement techniques have been applied simultaneously under gas turbine relevant conditions on liquid fuels (oil and oil/water). Other measurements in this combustor on gaseous fuels were presented in preceding (parts A and B) and current publications (part C).

Mie scattering was used to visualize the liquid phase of oil and water downstream of the nozzle. In order to gain knowledge about the droplet velocity, a Nd:YAG double pulse laser at 532 nm was used for Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). Additionally the gaseous and liquid phases of oil have been visualized through Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) by excitation of poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) with a laser wavelength of 266 nm. To observe high temperature regions, OH and PAH PLIF was also performed with a low bandwidth at 283 nm from a Nd:YAG pumped dye laser.

It was possible to separate the low-intensity OH signal of the hot gas regions from the PAH signal by collecting the different LIF signals simultaneously through a dual camera setup. Instantaneous PAH LIF images of the liquid and gaseous phase were compared with Mie scattering images for a qualitative impression of the evaporation. For this a structural comparison between the liquid phases of both images has been carried out. Results indicate, that the evaporation of most of the liquid fuel takes place near the hot gas region, as a large proportion of droplets are carried far downstream of the nozzle by the high momentum jet.

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