The installed flow field for a Variable Pitch Fan (VPF) operating in reverse thrust for the complete aircraft landing run is described in this paper. To do this, a VPF design to generate reverse thrust by reversing airflow direction is developed for a representative 40000 lbf modern high bypass ratio engine. Thereafter, to represent the actual flow conditions that the VPF would face, an engine model that includes the nacelle, core inlet splitter, outlet guide vanes, bypass nozzle, core exhaust duct, aft-body plug and core nozzle is designed. The engine model with the VPF is attached to a representative airframe in landing configuration to include the effects of installation. A rolling ground plane that mimics the runway during the landing run is also included to complete the model definition. 3D RANS solutions are carried out for two different VPF stagger angle settings and rotational speeds to obtain the fan flow field.
The dynamic installed VPF flow field is characterized by the interaction of the free stream and the reverse stream flows. The two streams meet in a shear layer in the fan passages and get deflected radially outwards before turning back onto themselves. The flow field changes with stagger setting, fan rotational speed and the aircraft landing speed because of the consequent changes in the momentum of the two streams. The description of the installed VPF flow field as generated in this study is necessary to: a) qualify VPF designs that are typically designed by considering only the uninstalled static flow field b) choose the VPF operating setting for different stages of the aircraft landing run.