In order to overcome reported failure problems of turbomachinery for the supercritical carbon dioxide power cycle induced by the high rotational speed and axial force, an axial impulse-type turbo-generator with a partial admission nozzle was designed and manufactured to reduce the rotational speed and axial force. The turbine wheel part was separated by carbon ring-type mechanical seals to use conventional oillubricated tilting-pad bearings. A simple transcritical cycle using a liquid CO2 pump was constructed to drive the turbogenerator. A 600,000 kcal/h LNG fired thermal oil boiler and 200 RT chiller were used as a heat source and heat sink. The target turbine inlet temperature and pressure were 200°C and 130 bar, respectively. Two printed circuit heat exchangers were manufactured for both sides of the heater and cooler. A leakage make-up system using a reciprocating CO2 compressor; CO2 supply valve-train to the main loop and mechanical seal; and an oil cooler for the bearings, load bank, and control systems were installed. Prior to the turbine power-generating operation, a turbine bypass loop was operated using an air-driven control valve to determine the system mass flow rate and create turbine inlet conditions. Then, 11 kW of electric power was obtained under 205°C and 100 bar turbine inlet conditions, and the continuous operating time was 45 min.

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