The cooling protection of the hot end is the key technique for ultra-supercritical steam turbine. Tangential direction cooling chamber has a simple form and stable cooling effectiveness. The influence of inlet Mach number, turbulent Prandtl number, rotational speed, and inlet turbulence intensity on cooling effect of the structure in ideal air model have been made by previous work. The cooling mechanism and the flow characteristic in the ideal air chamber were investigated.
In this paper, the focus of the study is to investigate the flow and heat transfer characteristics of the tangential direction cooling chamber in the real steam model. The cooling chamber coupled with the whole steel shaft are simulated. Different boundary condition are compared. The heat transfer coefficients of the hub are acquired at some different rotational speeds and different hub conditions. The distribution of heat transfer coefficients and wall temperature are mainly affected by the viscous force and the velocity gradient near the hub.