The fluid-dynamic design of a bespoke variable geometry axial inflow turbine, equipped with a diffuser-collector system for turbocharging applications, was numerically investigated with the purpose of replacing the radial flow turbine in a commercial turbocharger.
The paper aims to investigate the suitability of axial turbines for turbocharging applications in the automotive field. The turbine outflow is linked to a diffuser-collector system in order to obtain a kinetic energy recovery together with a correct flow direction to the discharge system.
Additionally, once completed the turbine design, the operating maps for three different stator positions were numerically obtained.
Finally, a turbocharger–engine matching model allowed comparison of the new axial and conventional radial flow turbine in terms of turbine power and efficiency, compressor pressure ratio, engine torque and BSFC.