Resonant response of turbomachinery blades can lead to high cycle fatigue (HCF) if the vibration amplitudes are excessive. Accurate and reliable simulations of the forced response phenomenon require detailed CFD and FE models that may consume immense computational costs.
In the present study, an alternative approach is applied, which incorporates nonlinear harmonic (NLH) CFD simulations in a one-way fluid-structure interaction (FSI) workflow for the prediction of the forced response phenomenon at reduced computational costs. Five resonance crossings excited by the stator in a radial inflow turbocharger turbine are investigated and the aerodynamic excitation and damping are predicted using this approach. Blade vibration amplitudes are obtained from a subsequent forced response analysis combining the aerodynamic excitation with aerodynamic damping and a detailed structural model of the investigated turbine rotor. A comparison with tip timing measurement data shows that all predicted values lay within the range of the mistuned blade response underlining the high quality of the utilized workflow.