Seals are used to control leakage across stages in pumps and other rotating machinery such as turbomachines. However, while acting to control leakage, the seals generate a reaction force on the rotating members. The rotordynamic forces produced by fluid impact the stability behaviour of the high-speed turbomachinery, therefore precise estimation of rotordynamic parameters is important to ensure vibrational stability and desired dynamic performance of rotors having annular seals. Studies on seals have so far mainly focused on bulk flow model based on Hirs turbulent lubrication theory for calculating leakage flow rate and rotordynamic coefficients. However, it is incapable to deal complex geometries and is less efficient in predicting precise rotor dynamic parameters for high speed rotating systems due to its basic assumptions. The experiments performed for calculating rotordynamic coefficients show their dependence on many physical and mechanical properties such as working fluid properties, pressure drop, seal clearance, rotor speed, eccentricity and misalignments. With the latest high performance computing facilities it is now relatively easy to simulate the flow in seal and evaluate the dynamic coefficients at high rotational speeds and with complex geometries. This paper proposes a 3-D CFD based transient stimulation method to capture the experimental conditions in virtual environment. The fluid force is calculated by integrating pressure to the rotor surface and the stiffness and damping coefficients are evaluated by appropriate curve fitting of fluid forces for various eccentricity values. The coefficients obtained from the present method show better correlation with experimental data compared to the existing steady state CFD and theoretical models. Variation of these rotordynamic coefficients with eccentricity helps in assessing the safe design of turbomachinery.
A CFD Based Approach for Estimation of Rotor Dynamic Coefficients for Liquid Annular Seals in Turbomachinery
Krishna, B, Premachandran, B, & Darpe, AK. "A CFD Based Approach for Estimation of Rotor Dynamic Coefficients for Liquid Annular Seals in Turbomachinery." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 7B: Structures and Dynamics. Oslo, Norway. June 11–15, 2018. V07BT34A039. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2018-76634
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