A dual-rotor system with an intershaft bearing subjected to mass unbalance and base motions is established. Using Lagrange’s principle, equations of motion for dual-rotor system relative to moving base are derived. Rotary inertia, gyroscopic inertia, transverse shear deformation, mass unbalance, and six components of deterministic base motions are taken into account. Using state-space vector, steady-state characteristics of dual-rotor system are analyzed through dual-rotor critical speed map, mode shapes, unbalance responses considering base rotations, frequency responses due to base motions, and shaft orbits.
The results show that base translations just add external force vectors, while base rotations bring on parametric system matrices and additional force vectors. Base rotations not only change natural frequencies of dual-rotor system, but also break the symmetry of dynamic characteristics in the case of base lateral rotation. Excited by base harmonic translation, resonant frequencies correspond to whirl frequencies. The orbit remains circular under base axial rotation, while it becomes elliptical with a static offset under lateral rotation and then a complicated curve due to harmonic translation. When harmonic frequency of base translation gets close to dual-rotor excitation frequencies, obvious beat vibration appears. Overrall, this flexible approach can ensure calculation accuracy with high efficiency and good expandability.