In this paper, the Conjugate Heat Transfer (CHT) analysis, which utilizes commercial software STAR-CCM+ with detailed models and practical mesh size, was performed to the first stage cooled turbine airfoils for an industrial gas turbine produced by Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. (KHI). First its estimation accuracy was evaluated by comparing with the measurement results obtained with thermal index paint (TIP) and a pyrometer. After the validation of the CHT analysis, the metal temperature distribution was understood with the flow phenomena associated with it from the analysis results. To the parts where the metal temperature is locally high, then, the improvements of the cooling performance were considered with the CHT analysis and their effects were finally confirmed by measuring the metal temperature in the actual engine.
The investigation reveals that the CHT analysis, which is validated with measurement results, makes it possible for cooling designers to efficiently improve the cooling performance of turbine airfoils with the adequate estimation accuracy, thus enhancing their durability for the reliability of gas turbines.